Impact of Social Media on Mental Health

By Samantha DeFilippo, LPC

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In today’s digital era, social media has become an integral part of our daily lives, shaping how we connect to and interact with others. While these platforms offer various benefits, such as the ability to remain connected with friends and family over long distances or keep up to date on current events, they also lend themselves to potential harm. A growing body of research sheds light on the complex relationship between social media use and emotional well-being, and has shown how the amount of time we spend on these platforms, as well as the content that we consume, can negatively impact our mental health.

Numerous studies have pointed to a concerning link between increased time spent on social media and higher levels of anxiety and depression. For instance, a study by Primack et al. (2020) found that individuals who spent more than two hours per day on social media were significantly more likely to experience symptoms of anxiety and depression when compared to those who spent less time on these platforms. Another study conducted by Hunt et al. (2019) found a direct association between high social media use and feelings of social isolation, which can be a contributing factor to depressive symptoms. The constant comparison with others, unrealistic self-presentation, and fear of missing out (FOMO) all contribute to emotional vulnerabilities that are exacerbated due to our online media consumption.

Moreover, the phenomenon of information overload on social media has garnered attention in its association with anxiety and depression. Research by Przybylski and Weinstein (2021) and Junco and Clem (2021) indicated that exposure to overwhelming amounts of emotionally charged information can lead to heightened anxiety and depressive moods. The cognitive demands of processing vast volumes of content may also contribute to cognitive fatigue and decision-making difficulties, further impacting mental well-being. It can be overwhelming to have the weight of the world at our fingertips, and our constant intake of information can have damaging effects to our minds. 

To safeguard our mental health in the digital age, it is crucial to adopt mindful social media practices. Setting boundaries, unfollowing distressing content, and engaging in real-life interactions can help mitigate the negative effects of social media on anxiety and depression. Being aware of information overload and practicing “digital detoxes” can also alleviate emotional strain and promote a healthier relationship with online media. Additionally, it can be helpful to engage in mindfulness practices such as meditation, deep breathing, and other grounding exercises to help us stay fully present in the here-and-now.

In conclusion, while social media platforms have revolutionized the way we communicate and connect with others, it is essential to acknowledge their potential impact on mental health. The connection between time spent on social media and increased levels of anxiety and depression is undeniable, and the constant exposure to curated, and often unrealistic, portrayals of others contributes to emotional vulnerabilities. As users, it is crucial to be mindful of our online media habits and seek a healthy balance between virtual interactions and real-life connections to protect our mental well-being. We must also be mindful of information overload and give ourselves grace when we take much-needed breaks from consuming news online.



Primack, B. A., Shensa, A., Escobar-Viera, C. G., Barrett, E. L., Sidani, J. E., Colditz, J. B., & James, A. E. (2017). Use of multiple social media platforms and symptoms of depression and anxiety: A nationally-representative study among U.S. young adults. Computers in Human Behavior, 69, 1–9. 

Hunt, M. G., Marx, R., Lipson, C., & Young, J. (2018). No more FOMO: Limiting social media decreases loneliness and depression. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 38(10), 751-768. doi:10.1521/jscp.2018.37.10.751

Przybylski, A. K., & Weinstein, N. (2021). Information overload, adoption strategies, and subjective well-being: Cross-sectional and experimental evidence. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 150(2), 289-304. doi:10.1037/xge0000919

Junco, R., & Clem, C. (2021). Social media information overload and academic performance among college students. Computers in Human Behavior, 120, 106779. doi:10.1016/j.chb.2020.106779